The 12 National Key Economic Areas (NKEAs) are at the core of the ETP. A NKEA is defined as a driver of economic activity that has the potential to directly and materially contribute a quantifiable amount of economic growth to the Malaysian economy.
The 12 NKEAs are: Oil, Gas and Energy; Palm Oil & Rubber; Financial Services; Tourism; Business Services; Electrical and Electronics; Wholesale and Retail; Education; Healthcare; Communications Content and Infrastructure; Agriculture; and Greater Kuala Lumpur/Klang Valley.
The NKEAs were selected because they are significant engines of future growth and their expected contribution to GNI in 2020 will help Malaysia achieve high-income status. In addition to the 11 industry sectors, Greater Kuala Lumpur/Klang valley was selected as an NKEA through a separate process. Kuala Lumpur currently accounts for about one third of Malaysia's GDP. Cities are significant drivers of growth, and a thriving Kuala Lumpur is vitally important to the health and performance of the overall economy. The portfolio of NKEA sectors will evolve over times, depending on the performance of various sectors in the economy. There will be a rigorous process to remove slow-growing sectors from the NKEA portfolio as well as to identify emerging drivers of growth that may be added.