As a main component of Malaysia's transformation into a high-income nation, the Education NKEA undertakes initiatives which develop the education spectrum in the country, ranging from early childcare and education to professional skills training.
The NKEA also seeks to leverage Malaysia's strategic location and accessibility throughout Southeast Asia and sound infrastructure to make the country a regional education hub. The industry's entry point projects reflect these ambitions, with the initiatives already making great strides in increasing private sector participation, attracting top tier foreign universities to Malaysian shores and developing new education clusters, in areas such as games development and accountancy.
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|No||EPPs||2020 GNI (millions)||Jobs||Location||Status|
|Scaling Up Early Private Childcare and Education Centres||2,400||78,000||Nationwide || |
|Improving Early Child Care and Education (ECCE) Training||180||3,500||Nationwide || |
|Scaling Up of International Schools||2,644||10,000||Nationwide || |
|Expanding Private Teacher Training||400||430||Nationwide || |
|Scaling Up Private Skills Training Provision||2,100||12,400||Nationwide || |
|International Expansion of Distance Learning||400||3,920||Nationwide || |
|Building an Islamic Finance and Business Education Centre||1,200||4,300||Nationwide || |
|Building a Health Science Education Discipline Cluster||3,790||13,943|| || |
|Building an Advanced Engineering, Science and Innovation Discipline Cluster||600||4,300|| || |
|Building a Hospitality and Tourism Cluster||600||33,000||Nationwide || |
|EduCity@Iskandar||1,000||1,100||Johor || |
|Championing Malaysia’s Education Brand||2,800||153,000||Nationwide || |
|Introducing Public-Private Partnerships in Education||200||1,010||Nationwide || |
|Building a Games Development Cluster||6||105||Nationwide || |
|Establishment of Branch Campuses||65.9||365|| || |
|Establishment of Not-For-Profit Education Institutions||74.0||190|| || |
|Transforming Malaysia into a Leading Accountancy Hub||14||234|| || |
In addition to the entry point projects (EPP), the Education NKEA has identified additional business opportunities that can support the growth of the industry. These include projects already planned and baseline growth in areas beyond the education segments highlighted by the EPPs. Overall, these business opportunities, coupled with the baseline growth of the sector, are estimated to contribute an additional RM14.3 billion of GNI in 2020 and generate over 252,000 incremental jobs.
As Malaysia continues to grow, new opportunities for clustering are expected to arise to support the demand for human capital in other sectors such as Accountancy or Oil and Gas.
Raise Quality through Regulatory Reforms
The aim is to amend policy frameworks that will encourage all private sector colleges and institutions to enhance their programmes. A key initiative involves implementing the Malaysia Quality Evaluation System for Private Colleges (known as MyQuest), which is an instrument to evaluate the current performance of private colleges in Malaysia. The evaluation of private colleges is aimed at driving improvements towards quality education through developmental approaches, ratings and self-assessments.
The MoE also uses the Rating System for Higher Education Institutions in Malaysia (D-SETARA). D-SETARA measures the quality of teaching and learning at level six of the the Malaysian Qualifications Framework
(undergraduate level) in academic disciplines in universities and university colleges in Malaysia It classifies its rating into six Tiers ranging from 1 as weak to 6 for outstanding. Among the results are Taylor’s University ranked at Tier 6; Universiti Teknologi MARA at Tier 5 for Hospitality and Tourism; and Universiti Malaya achieving Tier 5 (the highest) for medicine, dentistry and pharmacy. Further details on the ratings can be obtained from MQA’s website at www.mqa.gov.my.
Shift to Demand-Side and Performance-Based Financing
This enabler encourages demand-driven and performance-based financing of educational institutions,
which include a fee assistance scheme for pre-schools and childcare centres and additional funding for TVET institutions based on the Star Rating Exercise.
Remove Barriers to Entry for International Students
This enabler assists Malaysia in increasing its intake of international students in the private higher education sector. It will also help identify high-performing post-graduate students for jobs in strategic industries in the country and streamline visa passes for foreign students. The Malaysian Government introduced the Employment Pass II in October 2011. This initiative enables high-performing foreign graduates who had completed tertiary education in Malaysia and young professionals to pursue employment in the country.
Foreign graduates are required to fulfil the following stringent criteria in order to be eligible for this initiative:
- Successful in the graduate selection process of a reputable firm
Pursuing degree/postgraduate in SETARA Tier 5 Institutions
- Top scorers with at least second upper (or equivalent)
Top scorers with at least second upper (or equivalent)
- Credible multinational companies, Government-linked corporations and strong Malaysian-based companies
- Higher value-added job descriptions
- Employment contract of two years and below with a minimum gross salary of RM2,500 monthly
- All applications must be submitted by companies to the Immigration Department Further details on the Employment Pass Category II can be obtained from TalentCorp’s website at www.talentcorp.com.my.
Improve Ease of Doing Business
The focus of this enabler is to liberalise the way private sector educational institutions set up businesses in
Malaysia. The education services sub-sector has been liberalised, where international schools, private skills training centres and private higher education institutions are able to operate with 100% foreign ownership. Foreign entities are now allowed to operate businesses in Malaysia without requiring a minimum
percentage of local ownership.